Shchukin, Morozov, and the Francophile foundations of Russian avant-garde art
Two great Russian collectors, Sergei Shchukin and Ivan Morozov, galvanised the Moscow art scene by placing the finest examples of French avant-garde art before the emerging generation of young Russian artists. Shchukin, whose collections of Gauguin, Matisse and Picasso were the finest in the world, opened his Trubetskoy Palace to the public each Sunday. With the Bolshevik Revolution the collections were nationalised and Shchukin retired to France a broken man.
Gauguin, Cézanne, and Cézannism in Paris and Moscow
S. I. Shchukin bought his first Monet – a view of Belle-Ile – in 1898. He went on to collect thirteen Monets before discovering Gauguin and Cézanne, then the two most influential artists in Paris. The colour-fields of Fauvism drew on Gauguin’s example, while the Cubists extrapolated from Cezanne’s collapse of perspective. Thanks to Shchukin, young Russian Fauves and Cubo-Futurists could study both first-hand in Moscow.